Notes on setting up a comfortable desktop
After going through a variety of Linux distributions (from PopOS/Fedora to Arch and NixOS), I’ve settled on Void Linux. It’s a great blend of stability and simplicity with rolling-release model.
Void install process is straightforward: follow the steps in the TUI installer. I’ve used the base minimal ISO without any desktop environments.
Void has an excellent handbook that covers everything you need to know in order to setup a working system.
The package manager in Void is xbps. It’s a collection of several programs for performing various tasks. It’s fast and reliable: I’ve never had any problems during upgrades.
While it’s useful to get comfortable interacting with the package manager
directly, Void also provides a collection of handy helper scripts under the
||install a package|
||update all packages|
||search for packages in the repos|
||query info about an installed package|
||query remote repos|
||list programs using outdated libraries (use after updates)|
||locate a specific file in packages|
||sync with remote database|
||list files of a package|
||read manpage of any (non-installed) package|
||list all installed packages|
||list only manually installed|
||dump all manually installed packages into a text file|
See manpage for
xtools for more info.
If using BTRFS filesystem,
snapper can be set up for automatic snapshot
xbps-install -S snapper snooze
- Generate a default config for
snoozeservices for daily and hourly tasks.
ln -s /etc/sv/snooze-daily /var/service ln -s /etc/sv/snooze-hourly /var/service
#List of manually installed packages
Automatically update list of installed packages daily with
xbps-install -S snooze ln -s /etc/sv/snooze-daily /var/service # activate snooze service for daily tasks echo '#!/bin/sh' >> /etc/cron.daily/pkglist-update echo 'xpkg -m > /home/kkga/void-pkglist.txt' >> /etc/cron.daily/pkglist-update
Void’s handbook has a section on how runit works.
One thing to note though, is how trivial it is to create user services for programs you want to run as daemons. Check the dedicated section on user-services.
These are mostly for myself and are not directly related to Void.
- if Firefox isn’t displaying some charactes, install the
#External display brightness
Use either the
ddcutil package (requires
i2c-dev kernel module loaded) or
ddcci-dkms package and use any regular backlight utility.
load the needed kernel module modprobe i2c-dev adjust brightness on 1st display ddcutil -d 1 setvcp 10 70 adjust brightness on 2st display ddcutil -d 2 setvcp 10 70
Install the DKMS driver and a backlight utility.
xbps-install -S ddcci-dkms brillo
Load the module.
Use the backlight utility as usual.
Ethernet on newest Realtek cards (R8125) doesn’t work out of the box (as of Linux 5.9). Download the Linux driver from Realtek website and follow the instructions.